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    Crime and Security in the Age of NFTs, AI and Metaverse: Addressing Emerging Challenges

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    Author: Dr. JM Vias / Dr. Naveen Kumar Chowdhury
    prologue
    As the world rapidly expands into the digital age, technological advances such as non-fungible tokens (NFTs), artificial intelligence (AI), and the Metaverse have enabled many aspects of society, such as art and collectible markets, commerce, and communication. A revolution is happening on all fronts. . While these innovations offer immense opportunities and benefits, they also pose unprecedented challenges in terms of crime and security. Artificial intelligence platforms collect and process massive amounts of data, raising serious privacy concerns. As the use of Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) proliferates, malicious his NFT scams aimed at tricking users into stealing funds from their digital wallets are on the rise. While the Metaverse is still in its relatively early stages, consumers still need to understand the security and privacy safeguards that the platform his enablers offer. The cyber threat landscape is growing in complexity, requiring higher levels of collaboration between industry, academia and government through regional and international efforts. To address these emerging challenges to fostering a safe and trustworthy cyberspace, the Ministry of Home Affairs will host the G20 conference on ‘Crime and Security in the Era of NFTs, AI, and the Metaverse’ on 13-14 July in Gurugram, Haryana. do.
    NFTs: Transforming Markets and Growing Potential for Crime
    Since 2014, non-fungible tokens have revolutionized the art market, enabling digital ownership and provenance verification of digital assets. The NFT market is projected to reach nearly $20 billion by 2028. But this revolutionary technology also provides new entry points into criminal activity. Counterfeit NFTs, unauthorized duplication, and copyright infringement are major concerns in the field of digital art. Additionally, the anonymity associated with cryptocurrencies used in NFT transactions can facilitate money laundering, tax evasion, and illegal lending. Beyond this, securities issues and vulnerabilities present in NFT platforms can lead to sophisticated cyber-attacks, leading to huge financial and reputational losses. To ensure the credibility and legality of NFT transactions while safeguarding the interests of stakeholders, establish a robust regulatory framework, strengthen law enforcement agencies, and promote international cooperation and collaboration among G20 countries. There is a need.
    Artificial Intelligence: A Double-edged Sword in Crime and Security
    The proliferation of artificial intelligence (AI) is opening up transformative possibilities in various industries. Artificial intelligence has emerged as a powerful tool across a variety of fields, including cybersecurity, law enforcement, and market/weather predictive analytics. However, AI can be exploited by cybercriminals to carry out sophisticated cyberattacks or carry out AI-powered fraud schemes. The impact of artificial intelligence is not limited to positive progress, but includes negative impacts as well. Criminals are increasingly exploiting AI to carry out complex cyberattacks, steal identities and spread disinformation. AI-powered malware, APTs, DDOS, and deep fake technologies are just a few examples of AI-based cybersecurity attacks that certainly pose significant threats to personal privacy, trust, and the integrity of digital content. . In this AI era, it is imperative for G20 countries to prioritize cybersecurity measures, foster global cooperation, and allocate resources to research to proactively address emerging threats. Establishing an ethical framework for AI development and implementation ensures responsible use and reduces the risks associated with AI-powered criminal activity.
    Strengthening AI governance, encouraging responsible AI development, and enhancing AI-driven threat detection mechanisms are important steps in ensuring a secure digital ecosystem.
    The Metaverse: Growing Virtual Environments and Their Implications for Security
    The Metaverse represents an interconnected virtual world where the boundaries between physical and digital reality blur. It offers great potential for business, social culture and interaction, and entertainment. But everything comes with costs and risks. In this immersive environment, virtual identity theft, phishing scams, and virtual asset theft are potential threats. Additionally, the decentralized nature of the Metaverse could complicate law enforcement efforts, requiring increased coordination between governments, technology companies, and cybersecurity experts. Developing robust security standards, promoting user education, and implementing effective regulatory frameworks will help prevent cybercrime and ensure a safe metaverse experience.
    Conclusion
    As technology continues to reshape our world, G20 nations must work together with industry, academia, government and subject matter experts to proactively address the challenges posed by NFTs, AI and the Metaverse in the context of crime and security. . Through international cooperation, strong regulatory action, technological innovation and public awareness campaigns, we can harness the transformative power of NFTs, AI and the Metaverse while protecting the interests of individuals, businesses and society as a whole. In line with regulatory frameworks, a cybersecurity-focused R&D approach for these emerging technologies will go a long way in building a cyber-safe ecosystem, facilitating adoption of these technologies at all levels. The underlying purpose should be to harness the immense potential of these breakthrough technologies while protecting society from new risks.
    Dr. JM Vyas is Vice Chancellor of NFSU and Dr. Naveen Kumar Chaudhary is Dean of School of Cyber ​​Security and Digital Forensics, Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
    Views expressed are personal.
    Courtesy: PIB, Srinagar


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