ESG Approach in Preserving Mangroves in Developing Countries Part II

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    Author: Tuhu Nugraha and Dina Kosasih*

    Boasting the world’s largest mangrove forest, Indonesia has an immense responsibility in protecting this ecological treasure. However, for conservation efforts to be truly effective, they underestimate the essential role of local communities, who have lived adjacent to these mangrove forests for generations and have amassed deep knowledge of their intricacies. cannot be evaluated. Their first-hand experience provides unique insight into the natural rhythms and challenges of mangroves. To fully utilize this knowledge, we must empower these communities and build their capacity to act not only as guardians but also as passionate advocates for sustainable coexistence. must be.

    Modern technologies such as blockchain for transparent conservation incentives, the Internet of Things for instant ecological monitoring, and the Metaverse for widespread educational support could be crucial in this empowerment. Mangrove conservation then evolved into a collaborative effort that was no longer limited to governments and conservation agencies, but was woven into the daily lives of local communities. This integrated approach not only champions environmental management but also improves the socio-economic structure of these coastal areas.

    Furthermore, a true commitment to community-based monitoring means placing legitimate control over mangrove territories in the hands of local and indigenous communities. Their local wisdom is invaluable in these conservation efforts.

    Metaverse and local community education

    In today’s digital age, Metaverse offers an innovative approach to education, especially for local communities in mangrove areas. What makes the Metaverse special is its ability to provide an immersive and realistic experience. Please try to imagine. Communities can “walk” through a digital simulation of a mangrove forest, experiencing forest conditions, observing flora and fauna, and gaining a deeper understanding of the ecosystem without being physically present.

    Beyond interactivity, Metaverse offers unparalleled interaction that goes far beyond traditional training methods. In the Metaverse, questions can be asked in real time, exploration can be free-flowing, and gaming elements can be incorporated to increase community engagement and motivation. Additionally, its flexibility is a big advantage. You can study anytime, anywhere, at your own pace, without being limited by time or space.

    Insights gained from the metaverse have the potential to enable communities to actively participate in mangrove conservation. They can engage directly in planting and maintaining mangroves, or even act as observers to report changes and threats, and disseminate knowledge to the broader community. The potential for the development of mangrove-based ecotourism could be an opportunity for communities to educate and guide tourists. Additionally, communities can advocate for the importance of mangrove protection and campaign to ensure that mangrove forests are protected for future generations.

    IoT and community participation

    The use of IoT devices in mangrove forests has revealed new horizons in ecosystem management and conservation. Involving local communities in the data collection process using IoT is more than just delegation of tasks; it is also an effort to empower.

    First, by giving them an active role in monitoring, local communities can become more connected to their mangrove forests and understand their value for sustainable livelihoods. They transform from passive observers to frontline protectors of the mangroves. When communities understand mangroves and can directly benefit from them, their motivation to protect mangroves is strengthened.

    Second, involving local communities in data collection through IoT can create new employment opportunities. From installation and device maintenance to data processing and analysis, all of these stages require labor. With proper training, local communities can become experts in their field and ensure that the devices function properly and the data collected is accurate. This not only improves community well-being through new jobs, but also increases community capacity in technology and conservation.

    Finally, valid and timely data allows local communities to make better decisions regarding natural resource management and ecotourism potential. Accurate information on mangrove status and biodiversity can serve as a promotional tool to attract tourists and researchers. This can drive local economic growth through the tourism and research sectors, delivering direct economic benefits to local communities.

    In conclusion, the use of IoT in mangrove forests not only benefits nature conservation but also has positive economic and social impacts on local communities.

    Blockchain and community economic empowerment

    Blockchain technology, known for its resilience and transparency, offers rich opportunities in conservation, particularly in local community revitalization. Imagine a system where each conservation action undertaken by a local community, such as planting and maintaining mangroves or providing environmental education, is meticulously cataloged and verified within the blockchain. Each positive contribution is rewarded with tokens or digital currencies, which bring value to the community and can be redeemed for goods and services or exchanged for cash.

    Extending this, consider a scenario where blockchain technology plays an important role in community-based surveillance. When local communities work to monitor specific areas and provide tangible evidence of conservation efforts, their contributions are recorded on the blockchain. This document not only serves as indisputable proof of their efforts, but also translates into tangible rewards in the form of tokens. It is a system of awareness and assessment of the vigilance that monitors the health of our ecosystems.

    For example, imagine a gamification element in action. Every time a community member plants 10 mangrove trees, a predefined number of digital She tokens will be credited to their account. Alternatively, you will receive bonus tokens for facilitating an educational workshop on the importance of mangroves for school children. These tokens can be accessed via a blockchain-based application and can be exchanged for discounts at local stores, offset tuition fees, or even converted into cash at designated kiosks.

    Additionally, incorporating a competitive element or “leaderboard” could further encourage community participation. Groups that demonstrate exceptional dedication to conservation efforts may be recognized and honored on a monthly or annual basis. Such systems not only motivate active participation, but also foster a sense of community and healthy competition, encouraging individuals and groups to pursue the greater good of mangrove sustainability.

    Through this integrated approach, blockchain moves beyond its role as a technical tool to become a vital connector bridging conservation efforts and the economic prosperity of local communities. It creates a harmonious model of mutual benefit for the environment and humanity, laying the foundations for a symbiotic relationship that promotes sustainable ecological and economic well-being.


    Effective and sustainable mangrove management requires a community-centered approach. Local communities are the ones most familiar with and connected to this ecosystem, and are therefore essential to successful mangrove conservation and restoration. However, the role of modern technology cannot be ignored in these efforts to maximize results. By combining technology with local community empowerment, we can design responsive, adaptive, and comprehensive management strategies.

    Furthermore, integrating local communities is not only about giving local communities a role in nature conservation, but also ensuring that these conservation efforts have a positive impact on the well-being of local communities. ESG initiatives that combine technology and community empowerment allow communities to not only participate in conservation efforts, but also directly benefit from them. This not only improves their quality of life but also ensures that conservation efforts gain strong support from the grassroots.

    A community-based approach to mangrove management, backed by modern technology, is a formula that can ensure the sustainability of mangrove ecosystems. More importantly, this approach ensures that this sustainability goes hand in hand with livelihood sustainability and respect for local culture. It balances nature conservation and human welfare, making it an ideal model for future conservation.

    *Dina Kosasi Chairman of Pesisir Lestari Foundation, CEO of Open Innovation Hub


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