North Korea’s AI Growth Sparks Worries, according to Report

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    New research highlights North Korea's rapid advances in artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning, sparking concern worldwide.

    The report, written by Hyuk Kim of the California-based James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Research, highlights how North Korea is using AI in a variety of areas. These include managing the response to the COVID-19 pandemic, monitoring nuclear reactor safety, and increasing government oversight.

    Also read: North Korea's Lazarus Group holds $47 million in crypto assets; FBI tracks wallets

    Strategic development under sanctions

    Despite international sanctions against North Korea, the country actively monitors the development of AI and machine learning technologies. As Hyuk Kim pointed out, this will further help develop the AI-driven digital economy in the country.of reportis published by the 38 North Project and uses open source information, including national media and academic journals.

    “North Korea's recent AI/ML development efforts represent strategic investments to strengthen its digital economy.”

    Notably, some North Korean AI researchers are conducting joint research with AI researchers from overseas, including China. This trend of international teamwork is especially evident in technological advances, raising serious questions about the effectiveness of sanctions imposed on North Korea.

    The report emphasizes that North Korea's interest in AI is not a recent phenomenon. The establishment of the Artificial Intelligence Research Institute in 2013 and the promotion of AI-powered products by several companies in recent years reflects the country's long-term interest in the field. This continued focus on AI underscores the regime's tenacity to keep pace with technological advances, even as the authoritarian state severely restricts and monitors communications technology.

    Applications of AI: From public health to nuclear safety

    The widespread application of AI use in North Korea has been demonstrated in many areas. During the COVID-19 pandemic, AI was used to make decisions about modeling mask use and detecting inflections according to clinical symptoms. Additionally, North Korean scientists are researching the use of AI to keep nuclear reactors safe. The revelations come as the United Nations nuclear watchdog and independent experts are observing new activity at North Korea's Yongbyon nuclear facility, which could indicate new reactor activation and further production of plutonium for nuclear weapons. It was held while showing.

    The report also highlighted more threatening uses of AI by North Korea. Seoul's intelligence agency has found signs that North Korean hackers are using generative AI to identify hacking objectives and learn the necessary technical elements. Although these AI capabilities have not yet been used in cyberattacks, their existence is of great concern. This advancement, along with North Korea's intention to develop a wargaming simulation program using machine learning, underlines its objective to improve its military and cyber capabilities. Advances in AI like this could change the way North Korea operates against its rivals.

    “For example, North Korea’s pursuit of a wargaming simulation program using RL reveals an intent to better understand its operational environment against potential adversaries.”

    The implications of North Korea’s AI advances are deep and multifaceted. As North Korea continues to develop its AI capabilities, consider how these technological advances will impact global security dynamics and international efforts to manage North Korea's growing digital and military capabilities. Must be.


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